HEART AND LUNG DISEASE
Heart disease, as well as strokes, is the leading cause of deaths by smoking. In addition to the stress it puts on the heart to smoke, you also get a buildup of plaque in your arteries from the toxins in the cigarette smoke, which ultimately leads to the hardening of the arteries. It is possible for smoking related heart diseases to lead patients to have congestive heart failure, which is one of the leading causes of death in the Western world.
Smoking increases blood pressure, increases your risk for blood clots, and also decreases your tolerance for exercise, which can all add to your risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke. Although the damage to your heart and blood vessels from smoking is very serious, after five to fifteen years your risk of strokes goes back to that of a non-smoker, so the sooner you quit the better. Smoking is the cause for emphysema in eighty to ninety percent of the cases of the disease diagnosed.
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